Harlequins and England back row Jack Clifford has announced his retirement at the age of 27 because of injury.
Clifford had two major operations after suffering a dislocated shoulder and has been unable to fully recover from the problem.
Clifford said: “I am absolutely gutted to be have to call time on my career at a relatively early stage.
“I have been at Quins since I was 13 years old and made so many good friends here.”
Quins head of rugby Paul Gustard said: “We had signed Jack on a long-term contract as we believed he was a key part of what we are building.
“So it is disappointing for everyone that we are unable to see his talents on the field once more.”